|Exam Date :1401/09/15
||Start time :08:34
||Deadline :8 Minutes
|Click on your choice in each question
|20UT71M_0284/ 2.5/22.9||Konkoor/Reading Comprehension||تالیفی||
Plants are one of the five main groups of living things. These groups are called
kingdoms. The kingdom includes such living things as grasses, trees, ferns, bushes, and
flowers. Botanists, the scientists who study plants, have counted more than 260,000
species of plants. Plants vary greatly in size and shape. Some plants are so small they can
hardly be seen. Other plants tower above the land. The giant sequoia trees of California
are one of the largest living things on Earth. They can grow to heights of nearly 300 feet
(90 meters)! Just like animals, plants are made up of tiny structures called cells. But
unlike animal cells, plant cells are surrounded by a stiff material called cellulose. Most
animals move around and eat other things. Plants are different. Plants that grow on land usually stay in one
place and make their own food. Most plants are green because they have a green chemical called chlorophyll.
Plants are different from mushrooms and other fungi. Fungi do not have chlorophyll.
1. What is the main topic of this text?
A) The plant kingdom
B) The animal kingdom
2. Which of the following statements is true?
A) Plants can be tall like towers or too tiny to be seen.
B) There is no great difference in the size and shape of plants.
C) There are more than 360,000 species of plants.
D) Plants cannot be grouped as one of the five kingdoms.
3. Which of the following is correct about plants and animals?
A) Plants are made up of cells, but animals are composed of cellulose.
B) Plant and animal cells are surrounded by a stiff material.
C) Animals are different from plants in that they are surrounded by cellulose.
D) Plants stay in one place rather move around and eat other things. .
4. The word "species" is closest in meaning to _____ .
5. "They" refers to _____ .
|20UT71M_0171/ 2.5/29.9||Konkoor/Reading Comprehension||کنکور کارشناسی، آزمون عمومی، گروه ریاضی فنی، سال88||
In 1610 Galileo left Padua to become "first philosopher and mathematician" to the Duke of Tuscany. This gave him more time for research and in 1613 he published a book called Letters on the Sunspots. and in it. as well as describing for the first time the spots that appear on the face of the Sun. declared his belief in Copernicus' theory that the Earth goes round the Sun. This brought Galileo into conflict with the Roman Catholic Church which still believed in the teaching of Ptolemy and said that all Christians were to believe in it. In 1616 the Pope made him promise not to hold, teach or defend the ideas of Copernicus. Galileo went to live quietly in Florence and did not give up his studies of Copernicus. Galileo went to live quietly in Florence and did not give up his studies, but he did not write very much. In 1632. however, he published his Dialogue on the Two Principal Systems of the World in which he again defended the theory of Copernicus. The book was praised all over Europe, but Galileo was called to Rome by the Inquisition and ordered, under threat of torture, to deny his beliefs. He did so. and was permitted to return to his own house, in 1634. on condition that he did not leave it.
In 1638 Galileo published another important book, the Dialogue on Two New Sciences, which explained his ideas about the new science of mechanics, later developed by Sir Isaac Newton. He went blind in 1637 but continued his work up to his death at Arcetri. near Florence, on 8 January 1642.
1. According to the passage, Galileo _____
A) did research studies about sunspots in 1613.
B) published a letter on the Sun and sent it to the Duke.
C) did not stop his scientific work even after he become blind.
D) met the Duke of Tuscany. who was a mathematician.
2. In his first book, Galileo _____
A) believed in the teaching of Ptolemy
B) made most Christians accept his idea
C) declared his belief in Copernicus' theory about the Earth
D) declared his conflict with the Roman Catholic Church
3. The passage points out that in Florence, Galileo _____
A) stayed at home because of being blind
B) wrote a great number of books
C) decided not to talk to anyone
D) did not stop studying
4. The word "defended" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to _____
5. Galileo was called to Rome because he published _____
A) New Science of Mechanics
B) a book called Let tars on the Sunspots
C) another important book, the Dialogue on Two New Sciences
D) his Dialogue on the Two Principal Systems of the World